# Programming and configuration of 6-axis kinematics (robots)

The evaluation of point-vector programming after selecting the transformation is activated by the NC command #ORI MODE[..]. In conventional point-vector representation, the VECTOR_ABC or VECTOR_IJK mode is used. It remains valid until program end (M30) or until another programmed change occurs. The behaviour of the fixed rotary axis is defined by 2 additional keywords.

The NC command has the following syntax:

 #ORI MODE [ VECTOR_ABC | VECTOR_IJK FIXED_AX_IDX ]

or

 #ORI MODE [ VECTOR_ABC | VECTOR_IJK TOOL_AX_IN_PLANE ]
 VECTOR_ABC A, B and C are components of the direction vector. The address letters A, B, C must always be used; they have no reference to configured axis names in the channel list. Vector components need not be specified in standardised form. VECTOR_IJK I, J, K are components of the direction vector. The address letters I, J, K must always be used. Vector components need not be specified in standardised form. It is not permitted to use circle programming by I, J, K at the same time according to DIN 66025.

The 2 axes for the rotation angle to the tool orientation are obtained from the 3 vector components.. The angle setting of the third rotary angle is obtained from the joint angle settings at the time when the kinematic transformation is selected and remains unchanged during vector programming.

The axis index of the rotary axis not participating in orientation according to the Euler convention is obtained from considering the order of the axes that define the robot’s position and hand orientation (see also description of P-CHAN-00178).

FIXED_AX_IDX<idx>     Axis index of fixed rotary axis.

Example: Rotary axis C angle setting 45° on selection, FIXED_AX_IDX = 5

Initial robot orientation                    Orientation at target point

As an alternative to the fixed rotary axis, it is also possible to define the plane (YZ, ZX) containing either the Z or the Y tool axis. The third angle can then be determined so that the selected tool axis lies parallel to the defined plane at the target point (see also description of P-CHAN-00436).

TOOL_AX_IN_PLANE<id>      Plane parallel to a tool axis.

Example 1: Tool axis Z (red) parallel to the basic plane ZX, TOOL_AX_IN_PLANE = 1

Basic plane ZX: Initial orientation               Orientation at target point

Example 2: Tool axis Y (green) parallel to the basic plane YZ, TOOL_AX_IN_PLANE = 2

Basic plane YZ: Initial orientation               Orientation at target point

#ORI MODE [VECTOR_...] causes preselection of orientation programming. Only when the transformation is active (#TRAFO ON) are point-vector representations detected and evaluated

The following NC command reverts to conventional orientation programming:

 #ORI MODE [ ANGLE ]
 ANGLE Angle values via configured axis names (default).

Special features relating to active coordinate systems (CS):

• With complete 6-axis transformations and an active CS, orientation is always represented dependent on P-CHAN-00247.

Alternatively, point-vector programming can be preconfigured with P-CHAN-00177. With ori.mode the user defines whether values programmed with A, B, C or I, J, K are read in the NC program as normal coordinates or angle values when the kinematic transformation is active or whether the values are interpreted as vector components.

Alternatively, the following identifiers must be configured:

ori.mode     ANGLE     Angle values by configured axis names (default)

ori.mode      VECTOR_ABC     Vector components by A, B, C

ori.mode      VECTOR_IJK     Vector components by I, J, K

If ori.mode is unassigned, the default setting is active for orientation programming (orientation specified via rotation angle).

The axis index of the fixed rotary axis is specified in P-CHAN-00178:

ori.fixed_axis_index<idx>      Axis index of fixed rotary axis

The plane parallel to the tool axis place is specified in the channel parameter P-CHAN-00436:

ori.tool_ax_in_plane<id>      Plane parallel to tool axis plane

Specifications relating to the fixed rotary axis P-CHAN-00178 and the tool axis plane P-CHAN-00436 are mutually exclusive. If the two parameters are assigned, error P-ERR-22027 is output when the controller starts up and the two values are corrected to zero.

## Programing Example

Switch over orientation programming to point-vector representation (ABC) and specify fixed rotary axis

%example_1

:

#KIN ID [71]

:

#ORI MODE [VECTOR_ABC FIXED_AX_IDX=5]

#TRAFO ON

X50       Y50                 A50      B0 C0

X75       Y150      Z180      A0       B0 C1

X149.316  Y150      Z180      A-0.0457 B0 C0.999

X149.316  Y150      Z165.012  A-0.0457 B0 C0.999

X150.0018 Y150      Z150.0279 A-0.0457 B0 C0.999

X162.1716 Y150      Z150.0621 A0.0349  B0 C0.9994

X172.1268 Y149.9997 Z149.3631 A0.1013  B0 C0.9949

X178.7241 Y149.9997 Z148.5459 A0.1454  B0 C0.9894

X188.532  Y149.9997 Z146.7645 A0.2111  B0 C0.9775

X198.2064 Y149.9997 Z144.3474 A0.2758  B0 C0.9612

X207.7002 Y149.9994 Z141.2733 A0.3393  B0 C0.9407

X216.978  Y149.9994 Z137.5713 A0.4012  B0 C0.916

:

X150      Y150      Z180      A0.6111  B0.0014 C0.7916

X150      Y150      Z180      A0.0631  B0.0001 C0.998

X150      Y150      Z180      A0       B0      C1

:

#TRAFO OFF

M30/

## Programing Example

Switch over orientation programming to point-vector representation (IJK) and specify the plane parallel to the tool axis

%example_2

:

#KIN ID [72]

:

#ORI MODE [VECTOR_IJK TOOL_AX_IN_PLANE=1]

#TRAFO ON

X75      Y150    Z180      I0      J0      K1

X10.874  Y0      Z-29.875  I-.099  J0      K.995

X10.846  Y.666   Z-29.872  I-.099  J-.006  K.995

X10.667  Y1.976  Z-29.854  I-.097  J-.018  K.995

X10.464  Y2.748  Z-29.792  I-.095  J-.025  K.995

X10.208  Y3.429  Z-29.668  I-.093  J-.031  K.995

X9.879   Y4.075  Z-29.46   I-.091  J-.037  K.995

X9.517   Y4.713  Z-29.296  I-.088  J-.043  K.995

X9.126   Y5.328  Z-29.166  I-.085  J-.049  K.995

X8.285   Y6.492  Z-29.086  I-.077  J-.06   K.995

X7.387   Y7.597  Z-29.317  I-.068  J-.07   K.995

X6.9     Y8.108  Z-29.472  I-.063  J-.075  K.995

X6.385   Y8.598  Z-29.664  I-.058  J-.079  K.995

X5.825   Y9.038  Z-29.8    I-.053  J-.082  K.995

X5.218   Y9.412  Z-29.841  I-.047  J-.086  K.995

X3.924   Y10.011 Z-29.852  I-.035  J-.091  K.995

X2.56    Y10.43  Z-29.849  I-.023  J-.095  K.995

X1.182   Y10.657 Z-29.835  I-.01   J-.097  K.995

X.461    Y10.682 Z-29.769  I-.004  J-.098  K.995

X-.257   Y10.636 Z-29.639  I.002   J-.098  K.995

X-1.027  Y10.509 Z-29.435  I.009   J-.097  K.995

X-1.696  Y10.366 Z-29.297  I.015   J-.096  K.995

X-3.083  Y9.956  Z-29.106  I.028   J-.093  K.995

X-4.428  Y9.482  Z-29.258  I.041   J-.088  K.995

X-5.462  Y9.007  Z-29.478  I.05    J-.083  K.995

X-6.068  Y8.681  Z-29.657  I.055   J-.08   K.995

X-6.642  Y8.299  Z-29.782  I.061   J-.076  K.995

X-7.696  Y7.337  Z-29.826  I.07    J-.067  K.995

X-8.601  Y6.233  Z-29.831  I.078   J-.057  K.995

:#TRAFO OFF

M30/