Tool radius compensation (TRC)

Tool radius compensation (TRC) allows programming of the workpiece contour independently of tool geometry. If TRC is selected (G41, G42), a tool path equidistant from this programmed tool contour is calculated at distance "tool radius".

Tool radius compensation acts in the plane selected with G17, G18 or G19. The tool compensation values used are the tool compensation synchronisation modes stored under the D words (see Tool geometry compensation).

Tool radius can also be changed when TRC is active by selecting a new D word or writing the variable V.G.WZ_AKT.R.

When a negative tool radius is used, the selection side of the TRC is changed automatically.

Mode of operation and terms of tool radius compensation
Mode of operation and terms of tool radius compensation

Overview of all TRC-relevant G functions:

Select/deselect

G40                                                  Deselect TRC                                          (modal, initial state)

G41                                           Select TRC left of contour                                (modal)

G42                                           Select TRC right of contour                              (modal)

Select/deselect selection/deselection methods:

G138

Direct TRC selection/deselection

(modal)

G139

Indirect TRC selection/deselection

(modal, initial state)

G237

Perpendicular TRC selection/deselection

(modal)

G238

Select inside corner of TRC

(modal)

G239

Select/deselect TRC directly without block

(modal)

G05

Tangential TRC selection/deselection

(non-modal)

G138

Direct TRC selection/deselection

(modal)

Attention

attention

It is not permitted to change the modal selection method to G238 when TRC is selected.

Select transitions:

G25                                               Linear transition                                       (modal, initial state)

G26                                                  Circular transitions                                        (modal)

Feed adaptation:

G10                                                Constant feedrate                                           (modal, initial state)

G11                                               Adapted feedrate                                             (modal)

Contour masking:

G140                                 Deselect contour masking                              (modal, initial state)

G141                                 Select contour masking                              (modal)

Programing Example

prg_example

Presentation of the different selection options when tool radius compensation is used. This shows the commands for direct, indirect and tangential selection/deselection of TRC (G139/G138/G05) in combination with the TRC transition types for linear and circular transition (G25/G26).

The test programs are executed at a tool radius of 10 mm.

Example 1

G138

G139

G05

G25

Path 1

Path 2

Path 3

%WZKG25 (Contour for G25)

N1 G00 G90 T1 D1 X0 Y0 Z0 G17

(Display of contour)

N15 G01 X20 Y20 F1000

N20 G91

N25 G1 X10

N30 X5 Y-5

N35 Y-5

N40 X-5 Y-3

N4

(Path 1)

N100 G138 G41            (Select directly and TRC left of contour)

N105 G01 X20 Y20 F1000   (Required compensation motion after G41)

N110 G25                 (G25 linear transitions)

N115 G1 G91 X10

N120 X5 Y-5

N125 Y-5

N130 X-5 Y-3

N135 G138 G40            (Deselect directly and deselect TRC)

N140 G01 G90 X0 Y0 F1000 (Required compensation motion after G40)

(Path 2)

N200 G139 G41            (Select directly and TRC left of contour)

N205 G01 X20 Y20 F1000   (Required compensation motion after G41)

N210 G25                 (G25 linear transitions)

N215 G1 G91 X10

N220 X5 Y-5

N225 Y-5

N230 X-5 Y-3

N235 G139 G40            (Deselect indirectly and deselect TRC)

N240 G01 G90 X0 Y0 F1000 (Required compensation motion after G40)

(Path 3)

N300 G05 G41             (Tangential selection and TRC left of contour)

N305 G01 X20 Y20 F1000   (Required compensation motion after G41)

N310 G25                 (G25 linear transitions)

N315 G1 G91X10

N320X5 Y-5

N325 Y-5

N330 X-5 Y-3

N335 G05 G40             (Tangential deselection and deselect TRC)

N340 G01 X20 Y20 F1000   (Required compensation motion after G41)

N999 M30

Example 2

G138

G139

G05

G26

Path 4

Path 5

Path 6

%WZKG26 (Contour for G26)

N10 G00 G90 T1 D1 X0 Y0 Z0 G17

(Display of contour)

N15 G01 X20 Y20 F1000

N20 G91

N25 G1 X10

N30 X5 Y-5

N35 Y-5

N40 X-5 Y-3

N45 G01 G90 X0 Y0 F1000

(Path 4)

N400 G138 G41            (Select directly and TRC left of contour)

N405 G01 X20 Y20 F1000   (Required compensation motion after G41)

N410 G26                 (G26 Circular transitions)

N415 G1 G91 X10

N420 X5 Y-5

N425 Y-5

N430 X-5 Y-3

N435 G138 G40            (Deselect directly and deselect TRC)

N440 G01 G90 X0 Y0 F1000 (Required compensation motion after G40)

(Path 5)

N500 G139 G41            (Select directly and TRC left of contour)

N505 G01 X20 Y20 F1000   (Required compensation motion after G41)

N510 G26                 (G26 Circular transition)s

N515 G1 G91 X10

N520 X5 Y-5

N525 Y-5

N530 X-5 Y-3

N535 G139 G40            (Deselect indirectly and deselect TRC)

N540 G01 G90 X0 Y0 F1000 (Required compensation motion after G40)

(Path 6)

N600 G05 G41             (Tangential selection and TRC left of contour)

N605 G01 X20 Y20 F1000   (Required compensation motion after G41)

N610 G26                 (G26 Circular transitions)

N615 G1 G91X10

N620 X5 Y-5

N625 Y-5

N630 X-5 Y-3

N635 G05 G40             (Tangential deselection and deselect TRC)

N640 G01 X20 Y20 F1000   (Required compensation motion after G41)

N999 M30

Change tool data

Programing Example

prg_example

Change tool data

:

N30 G0 D0 X0 Y0 Z0 G17  (X-Y plane)

N40 G0 D100 X10 Y10     (Select TLC)

N50 G1 Z0

N60 G0 Z100

N70 G41                 (Select TRC with data block D100)

N80 G1 Z0

N90 G2 X10 Y10 I-15     (Full circle with radius 15)

N100 G0 Z100

N110 D2 Z200            (Other compensation data block, i.e.)

(other values for TLC and TRC)

N120 G1 Z0              (Compensating motion)

                        (motion of TLC takes place here)

N130 G1 X20 Y20         (Compensating motion of TRC)

N140 G02 X10 Y10 I-15   (TRC is now executed with data)

                        (block D2)

N150 G0 Z100

N160 G40                (Deselect TRC)

N170 X0

:

Dynamic change of tool radius:

Another option to change tool radius is to assign variables (see also Chap. 13). For example, this takes into consideration the wear and tear of grinding tools during motion blocks.

Programing Example

prg_example

Dynamic change of tool radius:

N00 G1 G90 X0 D6 F5

N10 G41 G26 (Select TRC)

N20 X0 Y250                    (Starting point)

N30 V.P.VERSCHLEISS = 0.010

N100 $FOR V.P.LAUF = 0,100,10  (Grinding cycle)

N110 X300

N120 Y200

N130 X0

N140 Y250                      (Tool radius gradually becomes smaller)

N150 V.G.WZ_AKT.R = V.G.WZ_AKT.R – V.P.VERSCHLEISS

N160 $ENDFOR

N200 G40 X300                  (Deselect TRC)

N999 M30